Prepositional Phrases Containing By, Page 1 (A-E)

This section of is all about learning about prepositions and prepositional phrases. A preposition connects words, clauses, and sentences together and shows the relation between them

A preposition connects words, clauses, and sentences together and shows the relation between them. "My hand is on the table" shows relation between hand and table.

Prepositions are so called because they are generally placed before the words whose connection or relation with other words they point out.

You can better understand the function of prepositions by seeing examples of prepositional phrases in which the preposition connects two other words. Kleiser's book provides numerous examples of propositional phrases for six of the most commonly used prepositions.

This set consists of prepositional phrases containing the preposition "by."


affected by externals

allayed by sympathy

animated by victory

appraised by fashion

assailed by conscience

attained by effort

avert by prayer


ballasted by brains

beset by difficulties

bound by opinion

branded by defeat


characterized by discretion

chastened by sorrow

cheek by jowl

circulated by malice

clogged by insincerity

colored by environment

condemned by posterity

confirmed by habit

consoled by prayer

convinced by argument

convulsed by divisions


darkened by shadows

dazzled by fame

depraved by pain

devoured by curiosity

disgusted by servility

driven by remorse


embarrassed by timidity

encouraged by success

enfeebled by age

enforced by action

enjoined by religion

enriched by gifts

established by convention

evoked by shame

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Editor's note: This section of is excerpted and adapted from Project Gutenberg's Fifteen Thousand Useful Phrases, by Grenville Kleiser.

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