Prepositional Phrases Containing By, Page 3 (P-Z)

This section of is all about learning about prepositions and prepositional phrases. A preposition connects words, clauses, and sentences together and shows the relation between them

A preposition connects words, clauses, and sentences together and shows the relation between them. "My hand is on the table" shows relation between hand and table.

Prepositions are so called because they are generally placed before the words whose connection or relation with other words they point out.

You can better understand the function of prepositions by seeing examples of prepositional phrases in which the preposition connects two other words. Kleiser's book provides numerous examples of propositional phrases for six of the most commonly used prepositions.

This set consists of prepositional phrases containing the preposition "by."


parched by disuse

persuaded by appeal

portray by words

prescribed by custom

prevented by chance

prompted by coquetry

purged by sorrow


racked by suffering

refuted by reason

repelled by censure

restrained by violence

rising by industry


sanctioned by experience

shaped by tradition

soured by misfortune

stung by derision

supplanted by others

supported by evidence


thwarted by fortune

tempered by charity

tormented by jealousy

tortured by doubt


unadorned by artifice

undaunted by failure

undetermined by sorrow

undone by treachery

unfettered by fear

urged by curiosity


vitalized by thought


won by aggression

worn by time

wrenched by emotions

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Editor's note: This section of is excerpted and adapted from Project Gutenberg's Fifteen Thousand Useful Phrases, by Grenville Kleiser.

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