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EnhanceMyVocabulary.com:
English Vocabulary Derived from Greek

This section of EnhanceMyVocabulary.com is all about learning vocabulary derived from Greek

Many English language come from ancient Greek. In this section of Enhance My Vocabulary, you'll find many examples of Greek words and the English words derived from them. This is not an exhaustive list but will give you a good feel for the Greek roots of English.

The derivatives on this list barely scratch the surface. Challenge yourself to think of more English words that may have come from these Greek roots (including words that combine two or more Greek roots), and then check a dictionary to confirm the derivation.

Greek Word Definition English Derivatives
A, an no, not
aseptic, anarchy
Amphi (Latin ambi)
about, around, both
ambidextrous, amphitheater
antiqua
antique, old
antique, antiquity, ancient
Ana
up, again
anatomy, Anabaptist
Aner, andros, anthropos
man, stamen
androgynous, philander, philanthropy
Anti
against, opposite
antidote, antiphonal, antagonist
Archos
chief, primitive
archaic, architect
Autos
self
autograph, automatic, authentic
Barvs
heavy
baritone, barites
Biblos
book
Bible, bibliomania
Bios
life
biology, autobiography, amphibious
Cata
down
catalepsy, cataclysm
Cheir
hand
chiropody, chirurgical, surgeon
Chilioi
a thousand
kilogram, kilowatt
Chroma
color
chromo, achromatic
Chronos
time
chronic, anachronism
Cosmos
world, order
cosmopolitan, microcosm
Crypto
hide
cryptogam, cryptology
Dia
through, across
diameter, dialogue
Cyclos
wheel, circle
encyclopedia, cyclone
Deca
ten
decasyllable, decalogue
Demos
people
democracy, epidemic, demographics
Derma
skin
epidermis, taxidermist
Didonai, dosis
give
dose, apodosis, anecdote
Dis, di
twice, doubly
dichromatic, digraph
Dynamis
power
dynamite, dynasty
Eidos
form, thing seen
idol, kaleidoscope, anthropoid
Epi
upon
epidemic, epithet, epode, ephemeral
Ethnos
race, nation
ethnic, ethnology
Eu
well
euphemism, eulogy
Gamos
marriage
cryptogam, bigamy
Ge
earth
geography, geometry
Genos
family, race
gentle, engender
Gramma
writing
monogram, grammar
Grapho
write
telegraph, lithograph
Haima
blood
hematite, hemorrhage, anemia
Heteros
other
heterodox, heterogeneous
Homos
same
homonym, homeopathy
Hydor
water
hydraulics, hydrophobia, hydrant
Hyper
over, extremely
hypercritical, hyperbola
Hypo
under, smaller
hypodermic, hypophosphate
Isos
equal
isosceles, isotherm
Logos
word, study, management, measure
theology, dialogue
Meta
after, over
metaphysics, metaphor
Metron
measure, mind
barometer, diameter
Monos
one, alone
monoplane, monotone
Morphe
form
metamorphosis, amorphous
Neos
new, young
neolithic, neophyte
Neuron
nerve
neuralgia, neurotic
Nomos
law, science
astronomy, gastronomy, economy
Onoma
name
anonymous, patronymic
Opsis
view, sight
synopsis, thanatopsis, optician
Orthos
rightr
orthopedic, orthodox
Osteon
bone
osteopathy, periosteum
Pais, paidos
child
paideutics, pedagogue, encyclopedia
Para
beside
paraphrase, paraphernalia
Pas, pan
all
diapason, panacea, pantheism
Pathos
suffering
allopathy, pathology
Peri
around, about
periscope, peristyle
Petros
rock
petroleum, saltpeter
Phaino
show, be visible
diaphanous, phenomenon, epiphany, fantastic
Philos
loving
bibliophile, Philadelphia
Phobos
fear
hydrophobia, Anglophobe
Phone
sound
telephone, symphony
Phos
light
phosphorous, photograph
Physis
nature
physiognomy, physiology
Plasma
form
cataplasm, protoplasm
Pneuma
air, breath
pneumatic, pneumonia
Polis
city
policy, metropolitan
Polys
many
polyandry, polychrome, polysyllable
Pous, pados
foot
octopus, chiropodist
Pro
before
proboscis, prophet
Protos
first
protoplasm, prototype
Pseudes
false
pseudonym, pseudo-classic
Psyche
breath, soul
psychology, psychopathy
Pyr
fire
pyrography, pyrotechnics
Scopos
watcher
scope, microscope
Sophia
wisdom
philosophy, sophomore
Syn
together, with
synthesis, synopsis, sympathy
Techne
art
technicality, architect
Tele
far, far off
telepathy, telescope
Temno, Tomos
that which is cut off
epitome, anatomy, tome
Theos
god
theosophy, pantheism
Therme
heat
isotherm, thermodynamics
Tithenai, Thesis
a place, placing, arrangement
epithet, hypothesis, anathema
Treis
three
trichord, trigonometry
Zoon
animal
zoology, protozoa, zodiac


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