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More English Vocabulary from Latin - Page 2

This section of EnhanceMyVocabulary.com is all about learning vocabulary derived from Latin

Challenge yourself to think of more English words that may have come from these Latin roots, and then check a dictionary to confirm the derivation.

Latin Word Definition English Derivatives
folium
leaf
foliage, foliaceous, foliar
aureus
golden
aurorial, aurorean, aurous
plumbeus
leaden
plumbing, plumbous, plumbic, plumbeous
mutare
to change
mutation, commute, transmute
vulnerare
to wound
vulnerable, invulnerable, vulnerary
vitare
to avoid
inevitable, inevitably, inevitability
morbus
disease
morbid, morbidity, morbific
populus
people
populous, population, popular
radius
ray
radius, radial, radiation
arma
arms (weapons)
arms, armed, armament, army
saxum
rock
saxatile, saxicoline, saxifrage
evocare
call forth
evoke, evocable, evocator
femina
woman
feminine, effeminate, femme
densa
thick
dense, densely, density
territa
frightened
terrified, terrific, teresy
invidiosa
jealous
invidious, invidiously
superba
proud
superb, superbly
desidare
to want
desire, desirable, desirability
laudare
to praise
laudable, laud, laudability
servare
to save
serve, conserve, preserve
nympha
nymph
nymph, nymphal, nymphalia, nymphomaniac
grata
pleasing
grateful, gratitude, gratuity
libera
free
liberal, liberator, liberate
postulare
to demand
postulate, postulant, postulation
sola
alone
solo, sole, solace
janua
door
January, janitor, janitress
temptare
to try
tempt, temptation, attempt
trans
across
transport, transmit, transact
pecunia
money
pecuniary, pecuniarily, impecunious
ripa
river bank
riparian, Ripuarian
umbra
shade, ghost
umbrella, penumbra, umbra, umbrage
annus
year
annual, annually, annuity
bellum
war
belligerent, belligerency, bellicose
initium
beginning
initial, initially, initiation
mortuus
dead
mortuary, mortician, mortality
occupare
to occupy
occupy, occupation, occupational
pugnare
fight
pugnacious, pugilist, pugnacity
vigilare
to stand watch
vigilant, vigil, vigilance
post
after
postmortem, postnatal, postpone
ala
wing
alate, alated, alary
patria
native country
patriotic, expatriate, patriotism
porta
gate
port, portal, porthole
discipulus
pupil
disciple, discipleship, discipline
locus
place
locus, location, locate
magister
teacher
magistrate, magisterial, magistracy
lucere, luxi
to shine
translucent, lucid, luciferous
fluere, fluxi
to flow
fluent, fluid, fluency
regare, rexi
to rule
regal, rex, regency, regulation
egregius
excellent
egregious
docere
teach
docent, doctrine, document, documentary

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