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English Vocabulary Derived from Latin - Page 4

This section of EnhanceMyVocabulary.com is all about learning vocabulary derived from Latin


Challenge yourself to think of more English words that may have come from these Latin roots, and then check a dictionary to confirm the derivation.


Latin Word Definition English Derivatives
gemma
jewel
gem
luna
moon
luna, lunar, lunatic
stella
star
stellar, constellation
inter
between, among
interact, intermingle, interpose
celeriter
accelerate
accelerate accelerator, celerity
noctu
night
noctourne, nocturnal
regia
palace
regal, regalia, regality
ager
field
agrarian
deus
god
deity, deism, deist
fluvius
stream, river
fluent, fluvial, flux
focus
hearth
focal, focalize, focus
gladius
sword
gladiator, gladiola, gladiatorial
caelum
sky
celestial
donum
gift
donate, donation, donor
verbum
word
verbal, verbose, verb
apertus
open
aperture, apertive, aperient
audit
hear
audition, auditorium, auditory
meminsse
remember
remember, reminisce, memory
ambulare
to walk
amble, somnabulent, ambulatory
possum
to be able
posse, potent, impotent, omnipotent
amare
to love
amiable, amiably, amity
celare
to hide
conceal
clamare
to shout
clamor, exclaim, clammant
habitare
to live
habitat, habitable, habitation
laborare
to work
labor, laboratory, laborious
monstrare
to show
demonstrate, demonstration
narrare
to tell
narrate, narration, narrator, narrative
necare
to kill
necropolis, necrology
orare
to ask for
oracle, oral, oracular
portare
to carry
portable, porter, port
spectare
to watch
spectate, spectator, spectacular
vastare
to destroy
vast, waste, vastitude
vocare
to call
vocal, vocation, vocative, evoke, evocative
volare
to fly
volplane, volley
monere
to warn
admonish, admonition
timere
to fear
timid, intimidate, intimidation
valere
to be well
value, valuable
videre
to see
video, vision, visible
misera
sad
misery, miserable
irata
angry
irate, irritable
laeta
happy
elate, elation
saggita
arrow
Sagittarius
manere
to stay
remain, remainder
sedere
to sit
sediment, sedimentary
dicit
says
dictate, dictation, dictionary
errare
to wander, err
err, error, errant
expectare
to expect
expect, expectant, expectation
baca
berry
baccalaureate, baccate baccivirus
clava
club
clavicorn, clavate, claviform
galea
helmet
galeate, galeated

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